Eskimo curlew – (BIRD-shorebird) See facts

Name of animal-plant: Eskimo curlew

Species name: Numenius borealis

The Eskimo curlew or the northern curlew is one of eight species of curlew, and is classed in the genus Numenius. It was one of the most numerous shorebirds in the tundra of western Arctic Canada and Alaska, with approximately two million birds killed per year in the late 1800s. Having not been seen in over 30 years, the Eskimo curlew is now considered possibly extinct. The bird was about 30 cm (12 in) long and fed mostly on berries.


Animal type: BIRD

Birds (Aves) are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a lightweight but strong skeleton. Birds live worldwide and range in size from the 5 cm (2 in) bee hummingbird to the 2.75 m (9 ft) ostrich. They rank as the class of tetrapods with the most living species, at approximately ten thousand, with more than half of these being passerines, sometimes known as perching birds or, less accurately, as songbirds.

Subcategory: shorebird



All animals and plants are given a species name based on a technical term in biological taxnomy. The species name consists of two words and is based on Latin.


The first part of the name identifies the genus to which the species belongs and  the second part identifies the species within the genus. In this animals case it is: Numenius borealis

Eskimo curlew photo

Photo by James St. John

Eskimo curlew photo

Photo by Rare Rupert

Eskimo curlew photo

Photo by